11 B 38875, 12 A 00155
Upon remand from the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois reinstating the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment, held: The plaintiff has established grounds for summary judgment under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56. The debtor’s admissions establish that the debt she owed to the plaintiff arose when she, as trustee for an express trust, misappropriated funds from the trust to the detriment of the plaintiff, a beneficiary of the trust. Such debt is nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(4). The plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment is, therefore, GRANTED as to the statutory elements of 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(4) and all alternative counts are mooted thereby. The court abstains from hearing the only remaining aspect of the complaint—the value of the plaintiff’s claim.
Judge Timothy A. Barnes - Opinions
Judge Timothy A. Barnes
December 21, 2016
11 B 38875, 12 A 00155
December 15, 2016
12 B 49658
Upon the partial remand from the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois of the motion of the state taxing authority seeking monetary adequate protection following a sale of the debtors’ assets under 363(f), held: The District Court directs this court to determine the issues of quantification and recovery of the state taxing authority’s adequate protection claim. Because the state taxing authority has failed to demonstrate either a realizable claim or a source of recovery, the remaining aspects of the state taxing authority’s motion are DENIED. In accord, all the remaining aspects of the secured lender’s competing motion are, therefore, GRANTED and the chapter 7 trustee is authorized to pay the remaining proceeds to the secured lender.
15 B 18583, 15 A 00826
Upon a creditor’s amended complaint seeking to deny discharge for the debtor on two counts under 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(2)(A) and (a)(4)(A), wherein the creditor alleged that the debtor made prohibited prepetition transfers and failed to disclose certain assets on his bankruptcy petition, held: In regard to the 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(2)(A) count, the creditor has not proven by a preponderance of the evidence that the debtor acted with actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud creditors with respect to the alleged prepetition transfers. In regard to the 11 U.S.C § 727(a)(4)(A) count, the creditor has not proven by a preponderance of the evidence that the debtor acted with fraudulent intent when failing to disclose certain assets on his bankruptcy petition. As a result, the debtor will not be denied a discharge on the grounds alleged. Judgment is entered in favor of the debtor on all counts.
September 13, 2016
15 B 13819
Upon the Amended Motion for Order Granting Protection under 11 U.S.C. § 1522, brought by a creditor in the above-captioned chapter 15 case, held: The motion raises serious concerns regarding the propriety of actions purportedly taken by the debtor in the chapter 15 case with respect to assets in the United States. However, the motion is predicated on section 1522 of the Bankruptcy Code, which is inapplicable, and appears to seek no relief other than by declaration of the extent of the law. As a result, insofar as the Memorandum Decision clarifies the extent of the law, the motion is GRANTED. Otherwise, the motion is DENIED without prejudice.
August 4, 2016
16 B 05364
On the motion of creditor and contract counterparty seeking an order of this court compelling the contractual performance of debtor in foreign proceeding under 11 U.S.C. § 365(n)(4), held: While, pursuant to the terms of the recognition order, 11 U.S.C. § 365 applies in the foreign proceeding, the application of 11 U.S.C. § 365(n)(4) is no different in such circumstances than it would be in a case under another chapter of the Bankruptcy Code. Such application requires only such performance as provided in the contract, and the relief requested by movant is not provided for in the contract. The motion is, therefore, DENIED.
June 2, 2016
11 B 38307, 14 A 00106
Upon the Chapter 7 Trustee’s adversary complaint under 11 U.S.C. §§ 727(d)(1) and (2), wherein the Chapter 7 Trustee seeks to revoke the debtor’s discharge as a result of, respectively, alleged failures to disclose a prepetition property interest and to disclose and turnover to the Trustee property of the estate acquired by the Debtor postpetition, held: Given the timing of the Complaint, the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to determine the Chapter 7 Trustee’s 11 U.S.C. § 727(d)(1) prepetition property claim. As to the 11 U.S.C. § 727(d)(2) postpetition property claim, the debtor acquired property of the estate within the applicable postpetition period but failed to both report and surrender all of that property to the Trustee. The debtor’s discharge must, therefore, be revoked pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(d)(2).
April 18, 2016
14 B 24420
Upon the third party tax purchaser’s motion for relief from the automatic stay, contending that the Debtors’ default under the provisions of the confirmed plan requiring payment to purchaser in full of its claim by a certain date was cause to lift the automatic stay, and the Debtors’ competing motion to modify the confirmed plan, seeking to extend the date under the plan to pay the tax purchaser, held: (i) the default under the confirmed plan constitutes cause to lift the automatic stay; and (ii) the Debtors’ proposed amendment is infeasible and inequitable. The tax purchaser’s motion for relief from stay is, therefore, granted and the Debtors’ motion to modify plan is denied.
April 5, 2016
15 B 42427
Upon a creditor’s motion seeking to dismiss a chapter 11 case, wherein the creditor alleged that the debtor filed its bankruptcy petition in bad faith because the case was filed on the eve of foreclosure and without the consent of the creditor, as a voting member of the debtor, held: The creditor has not proved by a preponderance of the evidence that there is cause under 11 U.S.C. § 1112(b) to dismiss the case. The amendment to the debtor’s operating agreement that required the creditor’s consent to file bankruptcy was void as against public policy.
January 5, 2016
14 B 31070, 15 A 00560
Upon the defendant’s motion to dismiss the debtor’s adversary complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, held: By predicating his claim against the defendant solely on the filing of a proof of claim but asserting no other indicia of deceptive behavior within the gambit of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act or fraudulent intent, the debtor has failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. The filing of a proof of claim on a time-barred debt is not deceptive per se. The defendant is owed a debt that gives rise to a claim within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Code and is entitled to assert that claim. The court will not create a per se rule that potentially denies the defendant the due process built into the Bankruptcy Code and guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution. For similar reasons, the filing of a proof of claim on account of a time-barred debt is not a fraud on the court. The defendant’s motion to dismiss is GRANTED, without prejudice to the debtor’s ability to bring an action based on actual deceptive behavior, should such behavior exist.
December 30, 2015
13 B 30975, 13 A 01294
Upon a creditor’s complaint seeking a determination that a debt allegedly owed by the debtor to the creditor is nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2) and (a)(6), wherein the creditor alleged that the debtor withheld monies from the creditor through false pretenses, false representations or actual fraud and that the debt was the result of willful and malicious injury by the debtor, and seeking a denial of the debtor’s discharge under 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(4) and (a)(5), wherein the creditor alleged that the debtor failed to disclose all income in his bankruptcy petition and failed to account for a loss or deficiency of assets, held: The creditor has not proved by a preponderance of the evidence that a debt was incurred by false pretenses, false representation, or actual fraud or was the result of willful and malicious injury by the debtor as is required under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2) and (a)(6). As a result, the debt is dischargeable. Likewise, the creditor has failed to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the debtor knowingly and fraudulently concealed income or assets on his bankruptcy petition, elements of 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(4). The creditor also failed to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the debtor’s explanation as to any loss of assets or deficiency of assets to meet the debtor’s liabilities is unsatisfactory, pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(a)(5). As a result, the debtor will not be denied a discharge on the grounds alleged. Judgment is entered in favor of the debtor on all counts.